Consumer spending plunges 1.8 percent
By Jeannine Aversa
WASHINGTON Consumers jolted by the terror attacks and rising layoffs cut back on spending in September by the largest amount in more than 14 years. Manufacturing activity plummeted.
The Commerce Department reported yesterday that spending plunged by 1.8 percent in September, following a modest 0.3 percent gain in August.
Consumer spending accounts for two-thirds of all economic activity and had been a main force keeping the economy afloat for more than a year. But economic fallout from the Sept. 11 attacks, including rocketing layoffs, plunging consumer confidence and billions of dollars in lost business, has likely pushed the country into recession.
Another report suggested that the manufacturing sector, the weakest part of the overall economy, sank deeper into recession in October.
The National Association of Purchasing Management reported that manufacturing activity plunged to 39.8 last month from 47 in September, the 15th consecutive month of decline. An index above 50 signifies growth in manufacturing, while a figure below 50 shows contraction.
Manufacturers have been bearing the brunt of the economic slump. To cope with sagging demand by businesses and consumers, factories have sharply cut production and eliminated 1.1 million workers in the last 14 months.
The 1.8 percent drop in consumer spending was the largest decline since a decrease of the same amount in January 1987. The last time it was higher was in May 1960, when consumers cut spending by 1.9 percent.
Americans' personal income, which includes wages, interest and government benefits, was flat in September, reflecting the weakened state of the nation's labor market and the toll of the terror attacks. It was the worst showing since January 1994. In August, incomes rose by a tiny 0.1 percent.
Separately, builders trimmed spending on construction projects around the country by 0.4 percent in September, the fifth monthly decline in a row. The weakness reflected a 1.2 percent cut in spending on residential buildings, including single-family homes and multifamily housing, such as apartments and condominiums. Spending on commercial projects, including industrial buildings, dipped by 0.4 percent, while spending on big government projects rose 1.2 percent.
In the wake of the attacks, builders say they are paying extra close attention to demand. Home builders say they may start offering incentives to attract prospective buyers.
In the personal income and spending report, spending on durables costly manufactured goods expected to last at least three years, such as cars and washing machines fell by a sharp 3.2 percent in September, the biggest drop since January 1999. In August, spending on durable goods dipped by 0.3 percent.
Spending on nondurables, such as clothes and foods, declined by 1.3 percent, the largest drop since March 1993, after rising by 0.3 percent. Spending on services dropped by 1.8 percent, the biggest decline since the government began record-keeping in 1959. In August, spending on services rose 0.5 percent.
In another report, the Labor Department said new claims for unemployment benefits edged down last week by 10,000 to 499,000 but was still at a level that suggests an extremely weak labor market.
The economic picture is likely to get worse before it gets better, economists say.
Many economists predict the nation's unemployment rate jumped to 5.1 percent in October from 4.9 percent in September and that companies eliminated more than 280,000 jobs during the month. The government today will release the employment report for October.
Economists fear consumers will spend a lot less if the employment situation seriously deteriorates.
The pullback in spending in September lifted the nation's personal savings rate which is savings as a percentage of after-tax income to 4.7 percent from 4.1 percent in August. It was the biggest increase the savings rate has seen since August 1998 when it rose by 4.9 percent.
In an effort to stabilize the teetering economy, the Federal Reserve cut interest rates nine times this year, with two rate reductions coming after last month's attacks. Many economists predict another cut when the Fed meets on Nov. 6.
President Bush, meanwhile, wants Congress to quickly pass a package to revive the economy that would include tax cuts and increased government spending.
The economy shrank at a rate of 0.4 percent in the July-September quarter, the biggest drop since the last recession in 1991, and a signal that the country may be heading toward a full-blown downturn. Many economists believe the economic output will decline by an even bigger amount in the current October-December quarter. A common definition of a recession is two consecutive quarters of declining economic output.
Consumer spending in the July-September quarter rose at a rate of just 1.2 percent, the slowest pace since the first quarter of 1993, and down from a 2.5 percent increase in the second quarter. The sharp slowdown underscored just how much of a toll the terror attacks, rising layoffs and the sour economy have had on the American consumer.