World Economic Forum a bit less Eurocentric
By Tom Plate
NEW YORK The grandest international thinkathon of them all now into its fourth decade was to convene in Davos as always. But then the ghost of 9-11 created the haunting specter of an abandoned metropolis, struggling to rise from the ashes of terrorism, while the oblivious elite of the World Economic Forum's heads of state, CEOs, Nobel Prize winners and so on would meet, fete and frolic in the beautiful setting of the Swiss Alps.
That's not all that has changed with WEF. In fact, the annual movers, shakers and thinkers' retreat known worldwide as, simply, Davos originated 31 years ago as little more than a tony businessman's sojourn in Europe.
But the mystique about the meeting site and its famous and sometimes infamous invitees eventually led to broadened participation outside the corporate suite.
In 1999 Nelson Mandela, as South Africa's leader, delivered a memorable rebuke to the assembled rich and/or famous about the dark side of globalization. In 2000, President Clinton, his pro-trade administration reeling from the violent, anti-establishment protests in Seattle, distilled the murky waters of globalization's politics for the assembled Davos delegates.
This year, the retreat is co-sponsored by none other than Time Magazine's Man of the Year Rudolph Giuliani and garnished with the usual sprinkling of prime ministers, presidents, industry lions and media leaders, and the feeling is different. Now labor, nonprofit, religious and even nongovernmental organizations are increasingly represented. And no longer are the seminar and general-session topics replays of graduate business school days.
Instead, members are diving into ever-deeper waters. With memories of the 1997 Asian financial crisis still fresh, one panel is tackling the currency volatility issue. With the anti-terror crackdown proceeding apace, the corporate suits as well as the suits' critics are trying to as one workshop is bannered "Balance Civil Liberties and Public Safety."
The agenda is less Eurocentric than before. Thanks in part to the persistent prodding of WEF board members from Asia including Ronnie Chan, the Hong Kong-based billionaire in the real estate and development industry more and more invitations are extended to Asian leaders; more workshops focus on topics related to the Asian-Pacific. It's a good thing that outspoken critic of Western values, Mahathir Mohamed, the Malaysian prime minister, is here doing his thing.
The content of the conference is determinedly contemporary, if only up to a point. One panel will take on "Anti-Western Sentiments and Responding to the Backlash of Modernity." But while the conference is cosmopolitan in outlook, it is not profoundly introspective. It is more focused on currency exchanges and international marketing than what's happening in the heart and soul of the corporate suites and retreats.
Yes, market capitalism has created wealth beyond imagination better than any other system. But it has also created great income disparities, intolerant market fundamentalism (where the putative Taliban determinant of social good is the stock market), and triggered a feeling of powerlessness and the overall devaluation of the human being.
No doubt the Enron/Andersen scandal provides fuel for that anger. Whether it was management incompetence or outright fraud, many human beings who bought into the market-capital system have had their financial future put unnecessarily at risk.
Yet there has been comparatively little focus here on the simple but essential issue of internal corporate ethics, at least not for the West. The WEF is launching a "Corporate Governance Initiative" that encourages firms to commit themselves to an explicit code of conduct. It's for Russia.
But ethics history, even for the West, keeps on happening: Indeed, for many of the CEOs and corporate executives here, it's more the ghost of Enron and its sacked see-no-evil accounting firm, Arthur Andersen, that's hanging over these proceedings than 9-11.
Consider the joke here about China's commitment to cracking down on corruption. Beijing says many officials will be audited when they leave their positions. Not to worry, whispers one Chinese party insider: We've retained Arthur Andersen for the job.
Is the Enron/Andersen scandal merely a minor crack in the great wall of capitalism? Or does it suggest the potential magnitude of capitalism's San Andreas fault line? The widespread nervousness here suggests the latter. For the new menacing enemy outside the corporate suites, terrorism, may in the end prove less threatening to capitalism than the enemy within corruption whether it be found in Russia, China or America.
Tom Plate, a columnist with The Honolulu Advertiser and the South China Morning Post, is a professor at UCLA. He also has a spot on the Web.