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The Honolulu Advertiser
Posted on: Monday, April 17, 2006

U.S. bomb blasters busy all over Iraq

By CHARLES J. HANLEY
Associated Press

Air Force Tech. Sgt. Jake Smith, 34, of Manassas, Va., deploys a Talon robot from an armored Humvee to help disarm a roadside bomb in Balad Ruz, Iraq. He and his teammate, Senior Airman Kyle Churchill, are among a cadre of such experts operating in Iraq.

CHARLES HANLEY | Associated Press

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SECURING IRAQ'S ROADS

The surge in use of roadside bombs by Iraqi insurgents the past two years has raised the U.S. military's need for explosive ordnance disposal specialists. The problem and the tools:

ATTACKS

The number of attacks by roadside bombs increased from 5,607 in 2004 to 10,593 in 2005, an 89 percent rise, the U.S. Baghdad command reports.

DEATHS

U.S. military deaths from roadside bomb attacks rose from 197 in 2004 (23 percent of military deaths) to 407 in 2005 (48 percent of military deaths), according to the Web site icasualties .org. In 2006's first three months, 71 have died in such attacks (48 percent of the total).

BOMB DISPOSAL ROBOTS

The U.S. military deploys three models of bomb disposal robots:

  • Talon: Weight: 115 pounds minimum. Length: 34 inches. Multiple cameras. Prized for 5 mph speed. Manufacturer: Foster-Miller.

  • F6A: Weight: 385 pounds. Length: 45 inches. Multiple cameras. Superior maneuverability, ruggedness. Manufacturer: Remotec.

  • PackBot EOD: Weight: 53 pounds. Length: 27 inches. Easily stowed, highly portable. Manufacturer: iRobot.

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    BALAD RUZ, Iraq Fingertips fiddling with a joystick, boyish face glued to a screen, Kyle Churchill could have been a kid deep into a video game. But this was a dangerous business, in a deadly place, and the U.S. Army was depending on him.

    A hundred yards away, at the end of a fiber-optic tether, Churchill's robot was examining a roadside bomb, sending video close-ups back to his armored Humvee. With the robot's "hand" poised, and Churchill at the control console's dials, he would soon begin the delicate job of disabling the device.

    The 23-year-old explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) specialist had been in Iraq only a few weeks, but he was already an indispensable U.S. team member an Air Force "blaster" on the front lines, a bomb-disposal expert in a country with plenty of bombs and too few experts.

    Attacks by Iraqi insurgents using improvised explosive devices, IEDs, nearly doubled last year, to 29 a day, leading President Bush to call them the main "threat to our troops."

    As the threat has escalated, the number of specialists dealing with it hasn't kept up.

    Soldiers everywhere tell stories of "waiting for EOD," sitting exposed on Iraqi roads while overstretched teams scramble from place to place to disarm unexploded devices, either at a distance with robots, or by hand, dangerously close up, in more difficult cases.

    "We had to wait 24 hours at one IED site for EOD to show up," Sgt. Robert Lewis of the Georgia National Guard's 48th Infantry Brigade told a reporter visiting his base in western Iraq.

    The Pentagon is working to close the gap.

    The Army last year made bomb disposal its No. 1 recruiting priority, doubling the bonus, to $40,000, paid to a recruit signing up for "blaster" training.

    But basic bomb disposal training takes at least six months, and the need is immediate.

    From Balad Air Base, a huge installation the Army calls Anaconda, Air Force Capt. Peter Weld's 34-member bomb disposal unit covers a large chunk of central Iraq, including five outlying bases where 20 of his Air Force personnel are assigned. Most arrived for four-month tours in late January, from Air Force bases across the United States.

    Weld estimates about 100 Air Force "blasters" are in Iraq. "We do have more to offer, and I think we're sending more," he said. "But it's a contentious thing. People don't want to leave their families."

    Senior Airman Churchill's family in Red Bank, S.C., may be among the more understanding.

    His stepfather was an Army bomb disposal man in the 1991 Gulf War, and Churchill met his wife, Amber, at bomb disposal school. She has since left the Air Force to care for their 7-month-old daughter, but "she understands enough to get nervous," Churchill said.

    Why was he drawn to EOD work? He smiled. "I get paid to blow stuff up," he said. "It's a good time, and a tight team."

    The team consists of himself and Tech. Sgt. Jake Smith, 34, of Manassas, Va., with whom Churchill works at northern California's Beale Air Force Base. There, he said, they do mostly civilian "bomb squad type work."

    On this day in Iraq they confronted a 155mm artillery shell buried beside a road in grape and cotton country two miles northwest of Balad Air Base. A 9th Cavalry Regiment motorized patrol approached, spotted it and called for bomb disposal.

    As Smith and Churchill went to work, the 9th Cavalry's Staff Sgt. Brandon Fitzgerald watched in admiration. "These guys are really on their stuff," he said.

    Doing their "stuff" took about 65 minutes. After sending their Talon robot to the roadside bomb, Churchill looked it over from every angle, using multiple cameras, and then, using the robot's gripper, detached the detonator from the explosives.

    "Airman Churchill was actually able to manipulate the arm to do what I would have done," Smith said. But Smith would have done it by hand, dangerously close up, wearing a hot, heavy armored suit.

    The Talon then rolled back up the road and put the detonator down. Smith approached, lay flat on his stomach and closely inspected the device to ensure it didn't have a dangerous blasting cap. He stashed it in a plastic bag, for fingerprint or other forensic value.

    Returning to the artillery shell, he moved it farther from the road, rigged it with plastic explosive and then, at 12:32 p.m., two hours after they got the first call, bellowed the traditional alert, "Fire in the hole!", and detonated the would-be bomb in a thunderous blast.

    It isn't always so smooth. Days earlier, a Talon robot piloted by Churchill rolled over a pressure-plate detonator beside two 155mm shells. It was wrecked in the explosion.

    Sometimes, the loss is of more than plastic and metal.

    At least 14 bomb disposal specialists have died in Iraq, the latest on March 29, when Tech. Sgt. Walter M. Moss, 37, of Houston was killed in an explosion while working to disarm an explosive in the Baghdad area.