Profitability up despite poor sales
By Dave Carpenter
By Dave Carpenter
CHICAGO — Minutes after securing final approval for the Kmart-Sears merger last year, Edward Lampert pledged in a rare appearance before reporters to transform the two faded retail icons into "a great company." But he didn't offer any blueprint for how he'd do it.
Twelve months later, approaching Friday's anniversary of the unlikely pairing that created Sears Holdings Corp., industry experts are still trying to figure out just what the billionaire chairman has in mind for the famously struggling stores.
On the surface, retail results are shakier than ever.
Same-store sales fell 5.3 percent in 2005 — 8.4 percent at its namesake department stores, where an attempt to introduce more fashionable clothing fell flat, and 1.2 percent at Kmart. A new brand for a Kmart-Sears store hybrid, Sears Essentials, was abandoned amid poor results. Service levels were reduced in some stores.
Competitors, meanwhile, are taking more market share and expanding while Sears holds down spending on stores and promotions.
For the short term, cutting costs to improve profitability works for Wall Street. After Sears reported on Wednesday an increase in profit margins and operating income in the fourth quarter, its stock shot up 18 percent in two days. Shares are now up modestly since the merger despite weaker sales.
But prospects for shoppers, and the 120-year-old retail legacy of Sears, Roebuck and Co., remain highly uncertain. The strategy of reducing assortments, curtailing sales promotions and cutting service is not sustainable, industry observers say.
"Eddie Lampert is shrinking in the face of an explosion by Target, Wal-Mart, Home Depot, Lowe's, Best Buy and Penney's," said Howard Davidowitz, chairman of Davidowitz & Associates, a New York-based retail consulting and investment banking firm. "The proposition he's put together doesn't work as a retail entity. As a retail entity, he's disappearing."
Lampert, who oversaw Kmart's turnaround before engineering the $11.9 billion acquisition of Sears, says he's not concerned.
In a nearly 6,000-word letter posted on the Sears Holdings Web site, he said he views the Hoffman Estates, Ill.-based company as "a $55 billion revenue, 350,000-person startup" and doesn't fret about same-store sales sinking lower. He said he wants to make it "a great company whose greatness is sustainable for generations to come" and invoked the names of General Electric and another well-known billionaire investor whom he has acknowledged as one of his investing heroes.
"Warren Buffett makes clear that his goal is to increase the per-share value of Berkshire Hathaway," he wrote. "Similarly, our goal is to increase the per-share value of Sears Holdings."
The reclusive chairman avoids contact with analysts and reporters. But Lampert-watchers think there's more evidence than ever that the hedge-fund operator and investing wiz wants to turn the company into an investment empire along the lines of Berkshire Hathaway, taking it far beyond retail — and maybe even out of retail altogether.
"When he names Warren Buffett as a model, you've got to believe there are things he has in mind with the cash that he has and the stock price that he has," said George Rosenbaum, chairman of Leo J. Shapiro and Associates, a Chicago-based retail consulting firm. "I would think it's acquisitions. But I can't imagine what he might acquire. It may not be a retail business at all."
Lampert promised last March 24 that there would not be wholesale store closings, and there haven't been. But Rosenbaum speculated that more closings will occur in the already pruned-down Kmart chain.
"It's the Lampert style," Rosenbaum said. "Keep the stock high, cut spending to the bone, let sales down to levels where you're running pretty profitable stores without a lot of investments in renewing the store or improving the offering. And then take the stock price and use it in businesses that are more interesting than Sears or Kmart."